In addition to chemical aspect, spring treatment of trees includes pruning, fertilization, elimination of bark problems (frost cracks, cracks and sunscald) and removal of dried and broken branches.
First of all, a sanitation pruning is necessary.
It consists of removing useless branches. They are easy to identify: they look dry and no buds are formed on them.
The crown formed in a particular crop determines the quantity of fruits that can be harvested in autumn. Some gardeners make emphasis on aesthetic by creating a beautiful crown in form but to the detriment of the future harvest.Then comes the turn of proper crown formation.
In this case, everything is individual: each tree is pruned according to separate rules. For example, for fruit trees that grow fast in branches one needs to trim them to give access to light.In spring, anti frost cracks and cracks works involve timely removal of ice crust in circles around tree trunks.
This should be done as soon as the snow has melted. Cracks in the bark should also be treated; severely damaged branches should be removed.
Special attention should be paid to fertilization. There are two types of fertilization:
The choice of fertilizer depends on the gardener. Some prefer mineral fertilizers: potassium, nitrogen and phosphor. Others opt for organic: manure, poultry manure, compost. Both are applied according to the same scheme – by adding onto the circles around tree trunks. Then the ground is dug up together with fertilizer.